Writers and proofreaders consistently have problems with 25 confusing word pairs. The pairs are words that sound similar, but have very different meanings. Review the meanings of the confusing word pairs that follow. A quiz testing your knowledge of the correct use of the word pairs follows this explanation:

  1. accept – receive something, recognize a truth, or approve of something
    except – to leave out or exclude
  2. accessible – easily approached or attained
    assessable – capable of being evaluated
  3. adverse – harmful or unfavorable
    averse – opposed to, reluctant, distasteful
  4. affect – bring about a change
    effect – a result Note, “effect” can be used to mean “create a change.” “This new rule is intended to effect a change.”
  5. among – in the midst of several things
    between – comparison of two things; area separating two things Note, “amongst” is not acceptable in American writing, although it is acceptable in other varieties of English.
  6. appraise – determine the value of something
    apprise – inform
  7. assure – inform to remove doubt or concern
    ensure – guarantee
    insure – take out insurance or act as insurance (Use “ensure” unless you are describing an insurance arrangement.)
  8. bimonthly, biannually – every two months or years
    semimonthly, semiannually – twice a month or twice a year
  9. censor – review something and remove the objectionable parts
    censure – find fault with or blame
  10. common – shared equally by members of a group of people; emphasizes an entire group
    mutual – shared by two or three people or parties; emphasizes individual entities
  11. compliment – express praise or admiration
    complement – complete, make a whole, make perfect
  12. compose – create or form something
    comprise – consist of or made up of
  13. consecutive – following one after another without interruption
    successive – following one another in order, but not necessarily without interruption
  14. continual – happening often, usually in rapid succession
    continuous – occurring without stopping
  15. discreet – using good judgment in terms of conduct
    discrete – separate and distinct, or individual
  16. distinct – clearly notable, individual, discrete
    distinctive – distinguishing, unique
  17. eminent – prominent, distinguished in reputation
    imminent – about to occur, threatening, impending
  18. exceedingly – extremely, extraordinarily
    excessively – beyond what is reasonable
  19. fewer – used with countable items
    less – used with quantities
  20. forward – at, near, or toward the front
    foreword – the beginning of a book or report
  21. impediment – hindrance, slowing progress toward a goal
    obstacle – something that completely stands in the way of the goal
  22. imply – express indirectly or hint
    infer – conclude or deduce
  23. indexes – alphabetical listings of subjects
    indices – a scientific or technical listing, or statistics
  24. precede – come before in time, place, or rank
    proceed – advance or continue
  25. principal – foremost in importance, head of a school
    principle – standard, rule, or ethical code

Quiz on the confusing word pairs.

Study the meanings of the confusing word pairs. When you are ready, click on “Take the quiz” below to take a short quiz to evaluate your understanding of the confusing word pairs.
Take the quiz.

Confusing Word Pairs Certificate
Email Writing Courses
Business Report Writing Courses
Business Grammar Courses
Business English Writing for Nonnative Speakers

Writing Coaching by Dr. Robert Hogan

Business Writing InstructorDr. Robert Hogan teaches the coaching, tutoring, and individualized business writing courses. Dr. Hogan has been training writers for 40 years in universities, colleges of business, consulting companies, and professional writing companies. He has been a professor at the University of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County College, and Illinois State University College of Business. He was manager of communications in a telephone billing company and owner of a company writing documents on contract for government agencies and corporations.

More about Dr. Hogan and his courses you may take…

Worldwide Confusing Word Pairs Training

Corporate and Government Training

Corporate discounts are available. Send an email to the Business Writing Center for more information: Email…

Government agencies and companies may purchase courses at the end of the fiscal year and defer registration of individuals in the courses for up to 12 months. Request information…

Dr. Hogan delivers workshops at company sites in general business writing, writing email, business report writing, writing letters, and principles of usage (grammar, punctuation, spelling, sentences, and word usage). More…

Worldwide Confusing Word Pairs Training

6,600 Clients Worldwide

The Business Writing Center has trained staff from a broad range of organizations:

Companies – 5,768
Nonprofit organizations – 495
Military/government – 234
Colleges/universities – 143

See a sample list of the most recent 1,000 companies and agencies.

Worldwide Confusing Word Pairs Training Awards

Awards and Recognition

The Business Writing Center has been evaluated and has received awards or recognition from a number of organizations and media:

  • U.S. General Services Administration
  • Dun& Bradstreet
  • Department of Defense
  • National Association of Legal Assistants
  • HR-Wire
  • Florida Department of Health
  • Investor’s Business Daily
  • TechRepublic

See the list of awards